Sata’s labour day rumblings attributed to Cycler Assisted Peritoneal Dialysis

dr dave

Dr Dave

President Michael Sata was on heavy medication yesterday when he delivered disjointed rumblings at the occasion to mark Labour Day.

See the verbatim here.

Government sources have revealed that Sata goes through long hours of heavy medical preparations before he is presented to the public for any event. But sometimes, like, yesterday, the side effects of the sedations are too strong for everybody to see.

According to State sources, Sata is on Continuous Cycler Assisted Peritoneal Dialysis (CCPD). He has to be injected with a cleaning solution four times a day.

Doctor Dave from Lusaka’s Care for Business (CFB) is the one who administering the CCPD though the jabs are sometimes given by a nurse. Dr Dave specialises in Internal Medicine & Cardiology.

‘Injecting and draining exercise takes 40 minutes but Mr. Sata can sleep while cleaning solution works through cycler,’ explained a source.

Dr Dave, also has minority interest in the hospital in the Indian town of Ahmedabad where Sata was hospitalised in last yeah.  Dr. Dave had taken Sata to his hospital in India for the surgery and creating cavity for catheter.

‘This is the reason that when Sata feels pressure and knows it is time to drain, he has to rush back so that Dr. Dave and/or the nurse can work on him,’ explained a source.

For most of February and March, President Michael Sata was not seen in public. Sata is often seen in public now and even flies out of Lusaka but he never spends a night away from Lusaka. He makes sure he returns to State House no matter how long the programme he had go for is.

When he arrives at a scene and discovers that he may be required to wait a few minutes, he abandons the event. Two weeks ago, he abandoned the ground breaking ceremony for the Mongu Stadium.

What did Guy Scott mean when he said draft tax laws with cause panic?
Former Communications D/minister eyes Sinjembela under UPND

139 Responses to "Sata’s labour day rumblings attributed to Cycler Assisted Peritoneal Dialysis"

  1. Mwiinga  May 4, 2013 at 10:32

    Sooo sory ba president we are soory bt if he is not wel we shud pray 4 him apart from being a politician he has a family put dat family in your issues with or without mane they lov him

  2. Maimbo  May 3, 2013 at 19:12

    I wonder why he did not choose heamodialysis? He could have a machine put in his bedroom and do dialysis 3 times a week for 4 hours per session and enjoy rest in between. That would give him four days of no dialysis in a week. That way he can even sleep away from Lusaka and still be fine. No one would suspect!

  3. Yambezi  May 3, 2013 at 13:26

    pipo, we all get sick at one time or another. There’s no need to celebrate someone’s sickness.If President Sata did so, during Mwanawasa’s time is not justification for him to be ridiculed. Do onto others as you’d want them do to you.
    My Advice is that if he’s truly sick, the PF & Government should be open about it. He’s not the first President;
    we’ve had Amaru from Nigeria, Hugo Chavez-Venezuela,
    Fidel Castro-Cuba,Kim ILL Jong, North Korea, Bouteflika-Algeria to mention , but a few.

  4. the small  May 3, 2013 at 11:00

    if he is sick, he will definately be healed by jesus through tb joshua

  5. Best Creatine  May 3, 2013 at 10:42

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  6. Sata’s labour day rumblings attributed to Cycler Assisted Peritoneal Dialysis | Zambian Watchdog

  7. Basankwa  May 2, 2013 at 18:50

    ‘My Life Belongs To God’ says The Republican President of Zambia. Whatever W/D says on his health, is of no consequences,mere propaganda from beloved heartless citizens who are still hurting because of someone in plot one.God have mercy.

  8. mwansa  May 2, 2013 at 18:37

    Bamwana chiwa stop this nosense once for all becoz you that who is posting this u all will also die dispate been mwana chiwa chikala chawiso walenga nabembuka

    • GESTAPO  May 2, 2013 at 18:56

      Kale mwabembuka

  9. mary  May 2, 2013 at 17:01

    This is very bad journalism. IT IS NAUSEATING HOW DEVILISH WD IS.

  10. MMD campaigner  May 2, 2013 at 16:15

    I am a member and big supporter of MMD in fact I didn’t even vote for PF but ba watchdog u r wrong pleased sata is he person god has allowed to be President and he will b can u please stop wishing him dead all the time please leave the man alone u had your time and this is his time too let the man rule in peaceand stop in Jesus name wishing his death did u not steall enough to last u well then if not find sumthing more productive to do and in all his kindness god will grant u that if u stop wishing othas negative

    • kamizhi  May 2, 2013 at 16:45

      god! Yes indeed god! How about the 42% of the Zambians who voted for him? Did they vote because of this god? Purge yourself of superstitions!

    • mpombo  May 2, 2013 at 17:22

      iwe mosatanyoko how does MMD come in this subject of ukwas skiness.

    • mpombo  May 2, 2013 at 17:23

      ahhhj

  11. MAUWA  May 2, 2013 at 15:52

    People of Zambia what are we turning into?What kind of prayers are we praying for our president?Think about it,would you pray for someone to die? honestly and to whom are you praying to GOD?I do not think so if u are praying for the president to die then you must be one of the satanists at work!!!Because GOD does not receive prayers of that kind of hate and bad wishes for someone.Instead of praying for the president’s good health if its true he is sick you are busy wishing him death.Let GOD take him at his own time.where you bargaining for his birth for you to bargain for his death?It happened naturally so let his death also as natural as his time of birth.Think of all the death wishes you have wished for the president when you go to church and compare with the gospel that your pastor will share on that Sunday if you will be at peace!!!!

  12. Giringo  May 2, 2013 at 15:17

    Its pathetic and satanic of what the dog that claims to watch is doing. First they claimed that The Presidnet can not go out for more than 30 minutes and that he has prostate cancer. Now they claim he has God knows what…..

    For your information what you see bulging on the President’s body is nothing but a bullet proof vest..and he is entitled to wear as many.

    Your wish has been to see that he dies, but he is still going and there will not be a by election any time soon until the mandated elections in 2016, and by then Zambian will have changed and you will be licking dust.

    What ever you wish on others will surely come on you first…

    And why so obssessed with someone’s helath???

    Viva Sata! Viva PF! Viva Zambia!!!!!

  13. mwanya ba pa thetic fools  May 2, 2013 at 14:50

    cakubaba Sata used to reveal all d secrets nimbwafye satana

  14. Dave  May 2, 2013 at 14:41

    Bafilekefye ubulwele bwachilamo please.

  15. THE GENERAL HK  May 2, 2013 at 14:28

    I FIND IT ABSOLUTELY NONSENSE FOR ANYONE TO DISCLOSE THE PRESIDENT’S HEALTH LET ALONE A MEDICAL PRACTITIONER, BCOZ AS FAR AS I KNOW THIS IS AGAINST MEDICAL ETHICS SO WHO EVER WROTE THIS ARTICLE CHIPUBA WHO HAS NO MORALS OR MANNERS AT ALL, LEAVE THE PRESIDENT ALONE TO CONTINUE SERVING THE NATION, AS FOR ME I WILL NEVER SUPPORT THIS STUPIDITY.
    AS FOR U BA WITCHDOGS WHY ARE YOU ALWAYS AGAINST THE PRESIDENT, EVEN WHEN YOU KNOW THAT YOUR RB AND HH ARE THIEVES AS EVIDENCE FROM KACHINGWE SHOWS YOU ARE STILL BUSY SUPPORTING LOOTING OF THE HIGHEST ORDER WHY?
    MUKWATE AMANO BAFIKALA, PHEEW!!!

  16. 'e' the independent f(x)  May 2, 2013 at 14:17

    but that aint right. such a situation should only be applied to individuals would be elected under the new constitution.

  17. Natasha musonda  May 2, 2013 at 13:00

    The Post Newspapers published the same dialysis on the late UPND President Mazoka;I see nothing wrong with the article;I totally disagree with you sir;the article is unethical,journalists’ are there to provide information to the public so that they can make informed decisions;I’ve learnt a great deal from the article and if that is what the president’s going through then I really sympathise with him and I would him to retire before worst happens;the matter is already in the public domain,so the world knows,including Robert Armstadam.

  18. Bishop Aringarosa  May 2, 2013 at 12:34

    HEMCS should resign and hand over the Presidency to a physically/mentally health individual. The writing is clearly on the wall. I want to remind PF that the Presidency is bigger than any one man. No pun intended as I wish the Great Republic the best.

  19. MATHANI  May 2, 2013 at 12:15

    CHIPIMO ARRESTED IN C/BELT

    • INSHIMBI  May 4, 2013 at 16:50

      So what he should have aqured a Police permssion to organise those louse and unnessury meetings of his, there are laws in Zambia which should be respected.

  20. travor  May 2, 2013 at 12:02

    he should reduce the price of fuel

    • math  May 2, 2013 at 12:04

      And then you complain of shortages and queues?

      • math  May 2, 2013 at 17:36

        @pathfinder, that is exactly my point. If product is not priced properly, shortages come in and people start complaining of non availability. It is better to have properly priced but quantity available.

  21. musibi  May 2, 2013 at 11:58

    I LOVE H.E mcs , he is a great man …..viva PF ……THE SPEECH WAS VERY GOOD AND INTERESTING PIPO WERE LISTENING…..PRACTICAL SPEECH NOT ALWAYS READING.

    • math  May 2, 2013 at 12:03

      Very patriotic and inclusive speech indeed.

  22. We don’t request to be sick or undergo hardships, these things just comes @ anytime and to anyone. If the presido is truelly sick, let’s not mek fan of it coz he neva wshed 4 it. Don’t 4get, today ts him $ tomorow it is u. How will u feel? Pipo meking fan out of yo illness as if u so caused it. Let’s b reasonable pipo

    • Mfumu  May 2, 2013 at 14:24

      These calamities are visiting him because he had a good laugh at the expense of alot of people in his situation yester years. Remember what he had to say about VP George Kunda, Levy Mwanawasa and many more. He saw their circumstances as one to gain some political capital. Indeed “cili pali Sata lelo”.

  23. The Prophet  May 2, 2013 at 11:41

    He will step down after the new constitution is in place. What he will do fist is to appoint Chikwanda as Vice President who will automatically become presido as the new constitution will not require presidential by-elections in an event where the incumbent presido steps down on medical ground or in case of death but would provide for the Vice president at the time to take over. In other words presidential by-elections will only happen if he died before new constitution is in place.So Govt will do everything it takes to keep him alive and will not step down until new constitution is in place.Watch this prophecy.

    The Prophet

    • Natasha musonda  May 2, 2013 at 13:21

      Wrong prophecy the president would not last for the coming six months because of what he’s suffering from Mwanawasa left for Egpty;what followed?; Chikwanda is over 74 yrs and he was not elected;and the new constitution will only be completed and enacted by the UPND and Hichilema in 2018

  24. CNP  May 2, 2013 at 11:36

    Why?

  25. intelligence  May 2, 2013 at 11:23

    http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/peritoneal/

    Introduction

    With peritoneal dialysis (PD), you have some choices in treating advanced and permanent kidney failure. Since the 1980s, when PD first became a practical and widespread treatment for kidney failure, much has been learned about how to make PD more effective and minimize side effects. Since you don’t have to schedule dialysis sessions at a center, PD gives you more control. You can give yourself treatments at home, at work, or on trips. But this independence makes it especially important that you work closely with your health care team: your nephrologist, dialysis nurse, dialysis technician, dietitian, and social worker. But the most important members of your health care team are you and your family. By learning about your treatment, you can work with your health care team to give yourself the best possible results, and you can lead a full, active life.

    [Top]
    When Your Kidneys Fail

    Healthy kidneys clean your blood by removing excess fluid, minerals, and wastes. They also make hormones that keep your bones strong and your blood healthy. When your kidneys fail, harmful wastes build up in your body, your blood pressure may rise, and your body may retain excess fluid and not make enough red blood cells. When this happens, you need treatment to replace the work of your failed kidneys.

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    How PD Works

    In PD, a soft tube called a catheter is used to fill your abdomen with a cleansing liquid called dialysis solution. The walls of your abdominal cavity are lined with a membrane called the peritoneum, which allows waste products and extra fluid to pass from your blood into the dialysis solution. The solution contains a sugar called dextrose that will pull wastes and extra fluid into the abdominal cavity. These wastes and fluid then leave your body when the dialysis solution is drained. The used solution, containing wastes and extra fluid, is then thrown away. The process of draining and filling is called an exchange and takes about 30 to 40 minutes. The period the dialysis solution is in your abdomen is called the dwell time. A typical schedule calls for four exchanges a day, each with a dwell time of 4 to 6 hours. Different types of PD have different schedules of daily exchanges.

    One form of PD, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), doesn’t require a machine. As the word ambulatory suggests, you can walk around with the dialysis solution in your abdomen. Another form of PD, continuous cycler-assisted peritoneal dialysis (CCPD), requires a machine called a cycler to fill and drain your abdomen, usually while you sleep. CCPD is also sometimes called automated peritoneal dialysis (APD).
    Illustration of a patient receiving peritoneal dialysis.

    Peritoneal dialysis.

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    Getting Ready for PD

    Whether you choose an ambulatory or automated form of PD, you’ll need to have a soft catheter placed in your abdomen. The catheter is the tube that carries the dialysis solution into and out of your abdomen. If your doctor uses open surgery to insert your catheter, you will be placed under general anesthesia. Another technique requires only local anesthetic. Your doctor will make a small cut, often below and a little to the side of your navel (belly button), and then guide the catheter through the slit into the peritoneal cavity. As soon as the catheter is in place, you can start to receive solution through it, although you probably won’t begin a full schedule of exchanges for 2 to 3 weeks. This break-in period lets you build up scar tissue that will hold the catheter in place.

    The standard catheter for PD is made of soft tubing for comfort. It has cuffs made of a polyester material, called Dacron, that merge with your scar tissue to keep it in place. The end of the tubing that is inside your abdomen has many holes to allow the free flow of solution in and out.
    Illustration of two peritoneal catheters.

    Two double-cuff Tenckhoff peritoneal catheters: standard (A), curled (B).

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    Types of PD

    The type of PD you choose will depend on the schedule of exchanges you would like to follow, as well as other factors. You may start with one type of PD and switch to another, or you may find that a combination of automated and nonautomated exchanges suits you best. Work with your health care team to find the best schedule and techniques to meet your lifestyle and health needs.
    Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD)

    If you choose CAPD, you’ll drain a fresh bag of dialysis solution into your abdomen. After 4 to 6 or more hours of dwell time, you’ll drain the solution, which now contains wastes, into the bag. You then repeat the cycle with a fresh bag of solution. You don’t need a machine for CAPD; all you need is gravity to fill and empty your abdomen. Your doctor will prescribe the number of exchanges you’ll need, typically three or four exchanges during the day and one evening exchange with a long overnight dwell time while you sleep.
    Continuous Cycler-Assisted Peritoneal Dialysis (CCPD)

    CCPD uses an automated cycler to perform three to five exchanges during the night while you sleep. In the morning, you begin one exchange with a dwell time that lasts the entire day.

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    Customizing Your PD

    If you’ve chosen CAPD, you may have a problem with the long overnight dwell time. It’s normal for some of the dextrose in the solution to cross into your body and become glucose. The absorbed dextrose doesn’t create a problem during short dwell times. But overnight, some people absorb so much dextrose that it starts to draw fluid from the peritoneal cavity back into the body, reducing the efficiency of the exchange. If you have this problem, you may be able to use a minicycler (a small version of a machine that automatically fills and drains your abdomen) to exchange your solution once or several times overnight while you sleep. These additional, shorter exchanges will minimize solution absorption and give you added clearance of wastes and excess fluid.

    If you’ve chosen CCPD, you may have a solution absorption problem with the daytime exchange, which has a long dwell time. You may find you need an additional exchange in the mid-afternoon to increase the amount of waste removed and to prevent excessive absorption of solution.

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    Preventing Problems

    Infection is the most common problem for people on PD. Your health care team will show you how to keep your catheter bacteria-free to avoid peritonitis, which is an infection of the peritoneum. Improved catheter designs protect against the spread of bacteria, but peritonitis is still a common problem that sometimes makes continuing PD impossible. You should follow your health care team’s instructions carefully, but here are some general rules:

    Store supplies in a cool, clean, dry place.
    Inspect each bag of solution for signs of contamination before you use it.
    Find a clean, dry, well-lit space to perform your exchanges.
    Wash your hands every time you need to handle your catheter.
    Clean the exit site with antiseptic every day.
    Wear a surgical mask when performing exchanges.

    Keep a close watch for any signs of infection and report them so they can be treated promptly. Here are some signs to watch for:

    Fever
    Nausea or vomiting
    Redness or pain around the catheter
    Unusual color or cloudiness in used dialysis solution
    A catheter cuff that has been pushed out

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    Equipment and Supplies for PD
    Transfer Set

    A transfer set is tubing that connects the bag of dialysis solution to the catheter. When your catheter is first placed, the exposed end of the tube will be securely capped to prevent infection. Under the cap is a universal connector.

    When you start dialysis training, your dialysis nurse will provide a transfer set. The type of transfer set you receive depends on the company that supplies your dialysis solution. Different companies have different systems for connecting to your catheter.

    Connecting the transfer set requires sterile technique. You and your nurse will wear surgical masks. Your nurse will soak the transfer set and the end of your catheter in an antiseptic solution for 5 minutes before making the connection. The nurse will wear rubber gloves while making the connection.

    Depending on the company that supplies your solution, your transfer set may require a new cap each time you disconnect from the bag after an exchange. With a different system, the tubing that connects to the transfer set includes a piece that can be clamped at the end of an exchange and then broken off from the tubing so that it stays on the transfer set as a cap until it is removed for the next exchange. Your dialysis nurse will train you in the aseptic (germ-free) technique for connecting at the beginning of an exchange and disconnecting at the end. Follow instructions carefully to avoid infection.

    Close-up drawing of patient holding his catheter and transfer set in his left hand and a Y-tube in his right. Only the patient’s lap and hands are visible. Labels indicate the catheter, transfer set, disposable cap, clamps, a tube running from the fresh bag of solution, and a tube running to the drain bag.

    Transfer set. Between exchanges, you can keep your catheter and transfer set hidden inside your clothing. At the beginning of an exchange, you will remove the disposable cap from the transfer set and connect it to a Y-tube. The branches of the Y-tube connect to the drain bag and the bag of fresh dialysis solution. Always wash your hands before handling your catheter and transfer set, and wear a surgical mask whenever you connect or disconnect.

    Drawing of a male patient sitting in chair, performing peritoneal dialysis exchange. Labels indicate fresh bag of dialysis solution, clamp, transfer set, disposable tubing, and drain bag.

    During an exchange, you can read, talk, watch television, or sleep.

    The first step of an exchange is to drain the used dialysis solution from the peritoneal cavity into the drain bag. Near the end of the drain, you may feel a mild

    The first step of an exchange is to drain the used dialysis solution from the peritoneal cavity into the drain bag. Near the end of the drain, you may feel a mild “tugging” sensation that tells you most of your fluid is gone.

    After the used solution is removed from your abdomen, you will close or clamp the transfer set and let some of the fresh solution flow directly into the drain bag. This flushing step removes air from the tubes.

    After the used solution is removed from your abdomen, you will close or clamp the transfer set and let some of the fresh solution flow directly into the drain bag. This flushing step removes air from the tubes.

    The final step of the exchange is to refill the peritoneal cavity with fresh dialysis solution from the hanging bag.

    The final step of the exchange is to refill the peritoneal cavity with fresh dialysis solution from the hanging bag.
    Dialysis Solution

    Dialysis solution comes in 1.5-, 2-, 2.5-, or 3-liter bags. A liter is slightly more than 1 quart. The dialysis dose can be increased by using a larger bag, but only within the limit of the amount your abdomen can hold. The solution contains a sugar called dextrose, which pulls extra fluid from your blood. Your doctor will prescribe a formula that fits your needs.

    You’ll need a clean space to store your bags of solution and other supplies. You may also need a special heating device to warm each bag of solution to body temperature before use. Most solution bags come in a protective outer wrapper that allows for microwave heating. Do not microwave a bag of solution after it has been removed from its wrapper because microwaving can change the chemical makeup of the solution.
    Cycler

    The cycler-which automatically fills and drains your abdomen, usually at night while you sleep-can be programmed to deliver specified volumes of dialysis solution on a specified schedule. Most systems include the following components:

    Solution storage. At the beginning of the session, you connect bags of dialysis solution to tubing that feeds the cycler. Most systems include a separate tube for the last bag because this solution may have a higher dextrose content so that it can work for a day-long dwell time.

    Pump. The pump sends the solution from the storage bags to the heater bag before it enters the body and then sends it to the disposal container or drain line after it’s been used. The pump doesn’t fill and drain your abdomen; gravity performs that job more safely.

    Heater bag. Before the solution enters your abdomen, a measured dose is warmed to body temperature. Once the solution is the right temperature and the previous exchange has been drained, a clamp is released to allow the warmed solution to flow into your abdomen.

    Fluid meter. The cycler’s timer releases a clamp to let the used dialysis solution drain from your abdomen into a disposal container or drain line. As the solution flows through the tube, a fluid meter in the cycler measures and records how much solution has been removed. Some systems compare the amount of solution inserted with the amount drained and display the net difference between the two volumes. This lets you know whether the treatment is removing enough fluid from your body.

    Disposal container or drain line. After the used solution is weighed, it’s pumped to a disposal container that you can throw away in the morning. With some systems, you can dispose of the used fluid directly by stringing a long drain line from the cycler to a toilet or bathtub.

    Alarms. Sensors will trigger an alarm and shut off the machine if there’s a problem with inflow or outflow.

    Drawing of patient sleeping in bed. A peritoneal dialysis cycler is on the dresser beside the bed. Labels indicate the heater bag sitting on top of the cycler, two bags of fluid beside the cycler, a drain line running from the cycler to the bathroom, and parts of the cycler, including the pump and fluid meter.

    Cycler. A cycler performs four or five exchanges overnight, while you sleep.

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    Testing the Effectiveness of Your Dialysis

    To see if the exchanges are removing enough waste products, such as urea, your health care team must perform several tests. These tests are especially important during the first weeks of dialysis to determine whether you’re receiving an adequate amount, or dose, of dialysis.

    The peritoneal equilibration test (often called the PET) measures how much sugar has been absorbed from a bag of infused dialysis solution and how much urea and creatinine have entered into the solution during a 4-hour exchange. The peritoneal transport rate varies from person to person. If you have a high rate of transport, you absorb sugar from the dialysis solution quickly and should avoid exchanges with a very long dwell time because you’re likely to absorb too much solution from such exchanges.

    In the clearance test, samples of used solution drained over a 24-hour period are collected, and a blood sample is obtained during the day when the used solution is collected. The amount of urea in the used solution is compared with the amount in the blood to see how effective the PD schedule is in removing urea from the blood. For the first months or even years of PD treatment, you may still produce small amounts of urine. If your urine output is more than several hundred milliliters per day, urine is also collected during this period to measure its urea concentration.

    From the used solution, urine, and blood measurements, your health care team can compute a urea clearance, called Kt/V, and a creatinine clearance rate (adjusted to body surface area). The residual clearance of the kidneys is also considered. These measurements will show whether the PD prescription is adequate.

    If the laboratory results show that the dialysis schedule is not removing enough urea and creatinine, the doctor may change the prescription by

    increasing the number of exchanges per day for patients treated with CAPD or per night for patients treated with CCPD
    increasing the volume of each exchange (amount of solution in the bag) in CAPD
    adding an extra, automated middle-of-the-night exchange to the CAPD schedule
    adding an extra middle-of-the-day exchange to the CCPD schedule

    For more information about testing the effectiveness of your dialysis, see the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) fact sheet Peritoneal Dialysis Dose and Adequacy.
    Compliance

    One of the big problems with PD is that patients sometimes don’t perform all of the exchanges prescribed by their medical team. They either skip exchanges or sometimes skip entire treatment days when using CCPD. Skipping PD treatments has been shown to increase the risk of hospitalization and death.
    Remaining Kidney Function

    Normally the PD prescription factors in the amount of residual, or remaining, kidney function. Residual kidney function typically falls, although slowly, over months or even years of PD. This means that more often than not, the number of exchanges prescribed, or the volume of exchanges, needs to increase as residual kidney function falls.

    The doctor should determine your PD dose on the basis of practice standards established by the National Kidney Foundation Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-DOQI). Work closely with your health care team to ensure that you get the proper dose, and follow instructions carefully to make sure you get the most out of your dialysis exchanges.

    [Top]
    Conditions Related to Kidney Failure and Their Treatments

    Your kidneys do much more than remove wastes and extra fluid. They also make hormones and balance chemicals in your system. When your kidneys stop working, you may have problems with anemia and conditions that affect your bones, nerves, and skin. Some of the more common conditions caused by kidney failure are fatigue, bone problems, joint problems, itching, and restless legs.
    Anemia and Erythropoietin (EPO)

    Anemia is a condition in which the volume of red blood cells is low. Red blood cells carry oxygen to cells throughout the body. Without oxygen, cells can’t use the energy from food, so someone with anemia may tire easily and look pale. Anemia can also contribute to heart problems.

    Anemia is common in people with kidney disease because the kidneys produce the hormone erythropoietin (EPO), which stimulates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells. Diseased kidneys often don’t make enough EPO, and so the bone marrow makes fewer red blood cells. EPO is available commercially and is commonly given to patients on dialysis.

    For more information about the causes of and treatments for anemia in kidney failure, see the NIDDK fact sheet Anemia in Kidney Disease and Dialysis.
    Renal Osteodystrophy

    The term “renal” describes things related to the kidneys. Renal osteodystrophy, or bone disease of kidney failure, affects up to 90 percent of dialysis patients. It causes bones to become thin and weak or malformed and affects both children and adults. Symptoms can be seen in growing children with kidney disease even before they start dialysis. Older patients and women who have gone through menopause are at greater risk for this disease.

    For more information about the causes of this bone disease and its treatment in dialysis patients, see the NIDDK fact sheet Renal Osteodystrophy.
    Itching (Pruritus)

    Many people treated with peritoneal dialysis complain of itchy skin. Itching is common even in people who don’t have kidney disease; with kidney failure, however, itching can be made worse by uremic toxins in the blood that dialysis doesn’t adequately remove. The problem can also be related to high levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH). Some people have found dramatic relief after having their parathyroid glands removed. But a cure that works for everyone has not been found. Phosphate binders seem to help some people; others find relief after exposure to ultraviolet light. Still others improve with EPO shots. A few antihistamines (Benadryl, Atarax, Vistaril) have been found to help; also, capsaicin cream applied to the skin may relieve itching by deadening nerve impulses. In any case, taking care of dry skin is important. Applying creams with lanolin or camphor may help.
    Sleep Disorders

    Patients on dialysis often have insomnia, and some people have a specific problem called sleep apnea syndrome. Episodes of apnea are breaks in breathing during sleep. Over time, these sleep disturbances can lead to “day-night reversal” (insomnia at night, sleepiness during the day), headache, depression, and decreased alertness. The apnea may be related to the effects of advanced kidney failure on the control of breathing. Treatments that work with people who have sleep apnea, whether they have kidney failure or not, include losing weight, changing sleeping position, and wearing a mask that gently pumps air continuously into the nose, called nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP).

    Many people on dialysis have trouble sleeping at night because of aching, uncomfortable, jittery, or restless legs. You may feel a strong impulse to kick or thrash your legs. Kicking may occur during sleep and disturb a bed partner throughout the night. Theories about the causes of this syndrome include nerve damage and chemical imbalances.

    Moderate exercise during the day may help, but exercising a few hours before bedtime can make it worse. People with restless leg syndrome should reduce or avoid caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco; some people also find relief with massages or warm baths. A class of drugs called benzodiazepines, often used to treat insomnia or anxiety, may help as well. These prescription drugs include Klonopin, Librium, Valium, and Halcion. A newer and sometimes more effective therapy is levodopa (Sinemet), a drug used to treat Parkinson’s disease.

    Sleep disorders may seem unimportant, but they can impair your quality of life. Don’t hesitate to raise these problems with your nurse, doctor, or social worker.
    Amyloidosis

    Dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA) is common in people who have been on dialysis for more than 5 years. DRA develops when proteins in the blood deposit on joints and tendons, causing pain, stiffness, and fluid in the joints, as is the case with arthritis. Working kidneys filter out these proteins, but dialysis is not as effective. For more information, see the NIDDK fact sheet Amyloidosis and Kidney Disease.

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    Adjusting to Changes

    You can do your exchanges in any clean space, and you can take part in many activities with solution in your abdomen. Even though PD gives you more flexibility and freedom than hemodialysis, which requires being connected to a machine for 3 to 5 hours three times a week, you must still stick to a strict schedule of exchanges and keep track of supplies. You may have to cut back on some responsibilities at work or in your home life. Accepting this new reality can be very hard on you and your family. A counselor or social worker can help you cope.

    Many patients feel depressed when starting dialysis, or after several months of treatment. Some people can’t get used to the fact that the solution makes their body look larger. If you feel depressed, you should talk with your social worker, nurse, or doctor because depression is a common problem that can often be treated effectively.
    How Diet Can Help

    Eating the right foods can help improve your dialysis and your health. You may have chosen PD over hemodialysis because the diet is less restrictive. With PD, you’re removing wastes from your body slowly but constantly, while in hemodialysis, wastes may build up for 2 or 3 days between treatments. You still need to be very careful about the foods you eat, however, because PD is much less efficient than working kidneys. Your clinic has a dietitian to help you plan meals. Follow the dietitian’s advice closely to get the most from your dialysis treatments. You can also ask your dietitian for recipes and titles of cookbooks for patients with kidney disease. Following the restrictions of a diet for kidney failure might be hard at first, but with a little creativity, you can make tasty and satisfying meals.

    • Webster  May 2, 2013 at 14:10

      Cut and paste is not “intelligence” – I think most people here can Google and/or click on the link you provided. Why waste our bandwidth?

  26. Shi mulumbulwa  May 2, 2013 at 11:12

    You hungry,un-educated,jobless and useless people wishing the president’s death will die and he will leave to see another term in office.Shame on you,what kind of a person wishes for some one to die?You are worse than the devil…DEVIL WORSHIPERS

    • verfon  May 2, 2013 at 12:01

      You are satan worshipper. Do you have any morals to spend billions on a walking tragedy? We, our children, relatives, neighbours and workmates deserve better health facilities. What is there for us, the un-educated, hungry and useless people, as you call us,?

      I for one wish Sata to die and save billions that can be channelled for millions of hungry, jobless and useless people. You call me Devil Worshipper, I prefer to worship devil than a walking Satan

      • THINKU  May 2, 2013 at 14:00

        can both camps tone down a little bit, we are all bros after all.

      • kenny  May 2, 2013 at 14:56

        What has Sata done to you , you seem to be so bitter. My brother if you are waiting for Sata to die then HH becomes president then I can bet you that WILL be a long and tireless WAIT.

  27. mirriam manda  May 2, 2013 at 10:58

    i am not surprised at you zambians at it again, why do you have the PID (Pull Him down) sydrome. why dont we mind our bussiness and concentrate on developmental issues? so what if it is true is sick will it concern you as an individual? He is human just like you, maybe you even have worser dieseases than him. Remove the peak in your own eye then go the remove what is in the other. Judging someone or predicting someone’s death is un christian. please let us focus on better issues

  28. CHIWA  May 2, 2013 at 10:54

    This is purely personal and confidential information. Where has Dr Dave taken his medical ethics of not disclosing such private information about a patient? Mind you, despite Mr. Sata being the Republican President, he is entitled to his personal privacy. Mulekwatako umu cinshi imwe ba kolwe.

    • katubi moses  May 2, 2013 at 11:39

      come on mr chiwa….dont talk about personal privacy…mr sata disclosed hakaindes personal bank details en u did not see anything wrong??? dont be a useful idiot….

    • Webster  May 2, 2013 at 14:12

      What makes you think Dr. Dave disclosed anything? True to style, the article here only cites “a source” and could be anyone.

    • Blago  May 2, 2013 at 16:45

      Which planet are you? A president`s health is never private, it`s very much public.

  29. mincher  May 2, 2013 at 10:46

    I do not pray for his good health. I pray for him to die pata pata.

    We cannot afford to spend over KR200,000,000 on one person’s medicine, surgery and upkeep.

    With that kind of money we can build 200 clinics across the country and a Hospital in Mpika.

    • Webster  May 2, 2013 at 10:51

      Or pay for one month of Clive Chirwa’s “services”.

      • verfon  May 2, 2013 at 11:02

        Kaponya for kaponya.

    • Shi mulumbulwa  May 2, 2013 at 11:13

      Shame!!!!

    • Neighbor of Makwacha  May 2, 2013 at 12:51

      I am also busy praying for yoour early death. You must not reach and witness 2016 general elections for you a danger to the nation. Please, die in the name of Satan, man..!!! Fwaa kolokombwa iwee…!!!

  30. stixy  May 2, 2013 at 10:34

    It was quite disjointed, a lot of unnecessary things in a keynote speech.Thank you Ba Blago for the data.

  31. ld  May 2, 2013 at 10:29

    WISHFUL THINKING YOU ARE ANTICIPATING AND PRAYING FOR HIS(MICHAEL SATA) DEATH SO THAT WE CAN HOLD ANOTHER ELECTION ASP TO TRY HH WAIT.NEXT ELECTIONS ARE NOT VERY FAR.CAMPAIGN FOR HH NICELY HE CAN MAKE A GUD LEADER.

    • mincher  May 2, 2013 at 10:47

      Yes, I am praying for his death. He is too expensive to keep alive.

      • Xtreme  May 2, 2013 at 12:28

        hahahahhahaha!

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