Unemployment forcing graduates to engage in work for illiterates – Machungwa

An academician has observed that lack of jobs in the country has forced most university graduates to take up low level jobs to survive the harsh economic environment.

Zambia Open University (ZAoU) Lecturer in the school of business studies, Dr. Peter Machungwa further observed that university graduates are facing an increasingly shrinking job market resulting from the effects of the 2007-2009 global economic crunch.

Dr. Machungwa said the existing concept of training and churning out graduates to take up jobs in industry is no longer attainable as jobs on the market continue to shrink.

He has called for concerted efforts among all stakeholders from government, industry and training providers to find solutions to the current unemployment among the young people.

Dr. Machungwa said this in a discussion paper presented on the occasion of African University Day in Lusaka today under theme: Promoting University-Industry Linkages for Graduate Employability.

He explained that the theme of promoting university-industry linkages for graduate employability comes against a backdrop of soaring unemployment levels across many countries in Europe, America and Africa including Zambia.

And speaking at the same function, Zambia Open University (ZAoU) Acting Deputy Vice Chancellor Professor Moses Musonda called for the inclusion of industry captains in all university senates as way of developing curriculums.

Prof. Musonda explained that the inclusion of industry captains will be crucial in developing a curriculum that is tailored towards the needs of the industry.

He said this is a practical way of addressing the existing mismatch in knowledge, skills and other attributes needed by the industry.

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37 Responses to "Unemployment forcing graduates to engage in work for illiterates – Machungwa"

  1. baidu883  November 14, 2012 at 19:28

    very good news,your are good boy!

  2. mubanga jnr  November 13, 2012 at 10:21

    survival ninkondo! imagine a country ruled by a grade seven.in PF govt even a grade 1 can be appointed as a DC OR A DIPLOMAT as long as he can corrupt Wynter Kabimba SG.

  3. Mulonda  November 13, 2012 at 08:11

    Professor Ambassador Musonda’s contribution is more to the point than Dr Machunga’s. The difference is that he points to the failure of universities to create employability while Dr Machungwa’s contribution is rooted in the colonial mayopia that portrayed a graduate as someone who had a job waiting for him or her and all they needed was to graduate and jobs were theirs. The opposite is now true: universities should teach job creation and the starting point is changing the Zambian curriculum to learn from Grade 1 what can be made from what resources Zambia has. It is so laughable that engineers cannot make a TV, a laptop a computer or car in Zambia. On the contrary they are trained to manage consumption of production of copper and nobody knows what other countries make from copper. It is so laughable that a kaponya in Zambia only sells while a Chinese kaponya makes technology some of which comes from copper. It is so laughable that a Kaponya in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (I’ve been there and seen this) polishes jewelery and sells it at full price in a country with nothing and a Zambian Kaponya can only “yondolola” a metal at Chilenje market!

  4. Tateyoyo  November 13, 2012 at 07:49

    Good stuff Dr Machungwa

  5. Sebana  November 13, 2012 at 07:47

    I think Akashambatwa should emulate Dr.Machungwa and be teacher and not MD of Tazara. He has no business acumen.He cant even manage a schoma trolley.

  6. bakaoma  November 13, 2012 at 07:10

    the current universities are academic.please teach pipo like machungwa skills so that they can be employers.Machungwa,come for a job,im an illiterate with a company but can employ a graguate.come one come all.in zambia enterpreneurship is the only way to go.Lebanese are coming all the way to sell carpets,pots,knives the get from botswana and get rich.machungwa please start a kantemba and you will see that your doctrate is nothing but a paper.

  7. Dr blow hole  November 13, 2012 at 06:10

    Hey leave Zambia grads.Think globe.Right now Mozambique is looking for graduates from Zed.Me alone I am on a FIFO contract in one of this countries.Have seen a flood of young clever Zambian grads coming to this countries.Play your cards right.Let’s do a serious brain drain on Zambia.

  8. "THE SILENT MAJORITY"  November 13, 2012 at 04:44

    The answer to all our unemployment problems lies in our growing the private sector for it to be vibrant and strong to employ our youth. At least the MMD where on course towards doing that. The PF govt being a socialist inclined govt think that they alone as govt have the answers but they are wrong as times have changed Mr. Baba Zonke. The public sector has no capacity to support direct employment but the private sector has that capacity if supported and embraced as partners. Simple

  9. Teddy  November 13, 2012 at 04:44

    Go to Nigeria you will find people with Phd,s ,Masters and degrees attending interviews for being trucky drivers.

  10. True Athiesr  November 13, 2012 at 00:10

    Education is not just attaining a university qualification. Education is simply the ability to obtain/source information or knowledge. Some people are just accademic smart and not really educated. This country needs to produce more entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs create jobs, jobs create wealth, and the country needs wealth to develop.

    You can either spend the whole day complaing about it, which will result to nothing or shut up and do something about it. It’s a jungle out there.

  11. nshilimubemba  November 12, 2012 at 21:10

    When did unemployement start in zambia is it last year or is it the other year may be not in 1991 if it started years back surely it will take some years before the situation is corrected i think it was worse in 2000

  12. blago  November 12, 2012 at 19:52

    Yes, life across the globe in terms of employment is becoming tough, but it’s even tougher when you’re stupid electing retards as national leaders.

  13. dangermouse  November 12, 2012 at 19:50

    malabishi who is illiterate you graduates or someone who is a grade seven failier but runin his own business and employin the so called graduates .guys find this man so anoying you cant call people illiterate mind your language and create job yourself and what have you archieved at your age bigman

  14. Tikotiko  November 12, 2012 at 19:11

    Machungwa has a point though he had the opportunity to creat jobs under FTJ but he was busy plundering.
    Our schools (education system) only teach us to work (for somebody). This is the reason we look down skills courses eg welder, etc. Unza has more students hoping to join Ngos.

  15. Spyglass  November 12, 2012 at 18:58

    Dr Machungwa,, I admire this man & i wish 2hear from him more. I’m so glad he’s imparting his knowledge on the youth as well. Wonderful.
    2ndly, President HH & his team are without doubt the only alternative. But if the Zambians choose 2 continue suffering &being cheated, then what else is there to do 4them?? Even some so called ‘educated’ gave PF a vote imagine.

  16. John Chinena  November 12, 2012 at 16:59

    Where is my comment? Machungwa should have been creating jobs, instead of remaining an employee at his age and level of education. That is why they end up doing jobs meant for people with less qualifications (not illiterates), I find it insulting. Who is he refering to as illiterates? His employers or what?

    • Changa  November 12, 2012 at 17:53

      Well said!

  17. Top Wisdom  November 12, 2012 at 16:51

    The problem we have in Zambia is that we go to school with only one ultimate purpose – To get a job. Let’s change from that. Let’s go to school so that we know how to create jobs.

  18. The Eyes of an Eagle  November 12, 2012 at 16:30

    Creation of more Universities in the country at present are meaningless.I remember Mudala when he wanted to replace the newly appointed DCs with cadres;he said that for one to be a DC does not need to have degrees but one important qualification is, one must be a staunch and hardcore PF cadre. Finito.

  19. Be Serious  November 12, 2012 at 16:23

    I had that experience which made me move to South Africa. Its a sad state of affairs!

  20. mulondwe muzungu  November 12, 2012 at 15:47

    Go to KCM Nchanga Smelter and you will find science graduates working as operators and engineers working as foremen. Operator jobs are normally for grade 12 school leavers or for people with certificates and at the most diplomas! These are guys are even lucky they have jobs most graduates are languishing in CAIRO road walking around with the degree all day!!

  21. Zimbwi no brain  November 12, 2012 at 15:41

    How many Zambian business major graduates actually create jobs?

  22. George White  November 12, 2012 at 15:29


  23. George White  November 12, 2012 at 15:28


  24. Komando  November 12, 2012 at 15:16

    That is because some illiterates are doing work suited to graduates at State house……

  25. ABESU  November 12, 2012 at 15:15


    • ABESU  November 12, 2012 at 15:20

      Sorry, SEBANA WIKUTE.

  26. surprised!!!  November 12, 2012 at 15:04

    JOBS, JOBS, JOBS: There are so many jobs waiting to be fulfilled everywhere in Zambia. Unfortunately, understanding the concept of jobs only in terms of investment is what has blinded many governments and politicians from perceiving the reality about jobs. The mismatch between the nature of what an effective job really is and the unreal lifestyles society imposes on what a ‘real’ job should offer to the individual is also one of the major causes of unemployment. Yes, I am convinced, and even see that there are so many jobs waiting for so many people to discover them and get them done; and earn a living from them. The government that will discover its true role in society will be overwhelmed with what amount of work is there to do. However, those governments that are there just to show who has Power; will grapple with high levels of unemployment among its nationals. Given its humane cultural values and diverse resources, Zambia is one country where the question of unemployment shouldn’t be such a headache for the nation.

  27. R.B  November 12, 2012 at 15:01

    Ba Machungwa please provide solutions.What is the PHD for?

  28. Mainza  November 12, 2012 at 15:00

    Life, Kuyumayuma basa.

  29. BOASTING NA NJALA  November 12, 2012 at 14:55


  30. Sense  November 12, 2012 at 14:54

    So wat, u morons were in government wat did u do abt it rubbish

  31. BKB  November 12, 2012 at 14:18


  32. Observer  November 12, 2012 at 14:02

    The problem is students doing courses not fit for the purpose. Invest in subjects that will help students to be able to start their own businesses not whereby everyone want to study courses in a country with cholaboys and girls running the ministry of education! Shame. In fact Dr Machungwa is already a spent force and not fit for purpose academician.

  33. Shrek!  November 12, 2012 at 14:01

    We should move away from working for people and instead work for ourselves. If you look at the top ten richest people in the world, no one works for someone else instead, they employ educated people who are too scared to be entrepreneurs. So graduates shouldn’t complain when they are employed by uneducated people with entrepreneurial skills and who are risk takers in business.

  34. Ilack kulibambila  November 12, 2012 at 14:00

    Ba maORANGE where were u for de last 15years in government to implement ur suggetions? but now u want to behave lik a good DR after bn clashed by Kandu Luo.Welcome 2 reality.

  35. back bencher  November 12, 2012 at 13:55

    and CNP is busy creating Universities.

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