More companies exposed in tax avoidance scandal in Zambia

Filed under: Breaking News |

The Zambia Sugar Company tax scandal that was exposed by Action Aid is a tip of an ice that is wrecking havoc in the country.

Sources in the Ministry of Finance have reported that only two mines paid taxes in 2012 amounting to K2.5 trillion.

Kansanshi Mines Plc paid K2.3 trillion and Chambeshi Mines paid K200 billion.  These are the only mines that have been paying taxes since 2007.

The rest of the mines declared losses and have never declared tax profits from the time they started operating with the help of government and Zambia Revenue Authority (ZRA) officials on their payroll.

Ironically the mines that have been declaring losses have continued receiving refunds on taxes they pay when they import goods, buy electricity and other goods locally.

Konkola Copper Mines received tax refunds amounting to K1.9 trillion, Mopani K0.6 billion and Lumwana K0.7 billion.

Be on the look for a detailed Watchdog scandal on how Mopani Copper Mines and the parent company Glencore have been evading tax in Zambia while the owners have become multi-billionaires in Switzerland.

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77 Responses to More companies exposed in tax avoidance scandal in Zambia

  1. And nothing will happen. It seems that all readers and contributors are forgetful of the past disclosures (Varun; SAB Miller; Zantel…). Within days, dust will settle and plunderers will reach “modus-vivendi” with rulers until next “revelation”.

    Sachi - February 12, 2013
    05:55

  2. Its nice that zambians cry foul when foreigners are at receivig end. ZAMBIANS are the worst BUSINESS tax evaders and dont want to pay tax but want services delivered. Start your own business ba mwankole so that yo feel what it means to invest and make losses. DontNo one like to make losses if you are real businessman. Shout you beaks when you know nohing about investment and paying taxes. This country can develop if half of the tutembas paid even k1000 per week as tax! I pity most workers who pay paye the bulk of the country’s revenue!

    Nampundu - February 11, 2013
    23:54

  3. it is good to have people like this who can open our eyes, our friends are making it from the same tax and they dont experience poverty. look at the money involved, enough to finance our national budget but why do we face deficits? politicians owe alot from us. they are the ones bringing all misery.

    ehtel kangowa - February 11, 2013
    23:54

  4. LET US USE OUR BRAINS. HOW DID S KOREA, THAILAND, SINGAPORE DO IT? EVEN CHINA HAS WELCOMED PRIVATE CAPITAL AND IN A SHORT TIME HAS BECOME THE SECOND BIGGEST ECONOMY. I AM SURE THAT EVEN THE SOCIAL SECTOR IN CHINA HAS BENEFITED. IT IS THE GOVERNMENT TO BLAME FOR ALL THE CHEATING. ZRA CANNOT EVEN TAX SHOP OWNERS IN KAMWALA. NOT THAT THEY DO NOT HAVE THE CAPACITY. THE MISSING LINK IS INTEGRITY. PERIOD.

    PRAISE GOD - February 11, 2013
    23:09

  5. Can Action Aid provide this Report giving us the details of financial statements showing evidence of these very serious allegations with notes on the alleged Tax evasions for every firm they allege evaded Tax.

    It is not professional to just get conclusions from ActionAid and assume that their are allegations are true just because they are from developed Countries. This is intellectual laziness. Its not wise to go emotional over allegations just because they are from ActionAid. Can Action Aid avail us the reports. Give us a link to follow their Report. Otherwise it may just be hot air seeking cheap publicity.

    Peter - February 11, 2013
    21:22

    • Read the article in the Guardian. It has a link directly to the original Action Aid report!

      Miodon - February 11, 2013
      22:04

  6. Money laundering, tax evasion is all pervasive. Banks are engaging foreigners and remitting millions of dollars as management fees (check Barclays Bank and Standard Chartered Bank accounts and one will find millions of dollars remitted over the last 20 years) and insurance companies are transferring millions of dollars to their holding companies overseas disguised as reinsurance premiums (check Hollard Insurance and Africa Life that are reinsuring with their holding companies.

    bosco - February 11, 2013
    20:59

  7. if DR CONGO can have investors where there is no peace;HOW about zambia/ zambians lets not be beggars for the so called investors,educated people help zambia from these western thugs stealing our natural resoures/evading taxes

    mbewe jonathan - February 11, 2013
    19:46

  8. It is similar issues of tax evasion that led to some nations to to crumble down! Zambia is finished! I wonder what our government is doing. This whole thing increased especially when RB came to power. He gave too much freedom to these thieving companies. PF is even worse and I know they wont do anything! What a country!!

    Mubanga - February 11, 2013
    19:38

    • the hate for RB will kill you!!!!!!:

      seer - February 11, 2013
      20:54

  9. Zambia is not poor, it’s our own Goverment that makes it so! Zambian mines export about 1.2million tonnes of copper every year. Given that copper prices are now around $8,500 per tonne, this translates into exports of about $10.2billion annually. The maximum cost of producing a tonne of copper from mining, processing and transportation from pit to port is well under $3,500 per tonne, meaning that the maximum annual total mining cost for this resource is about $4.2billion guaranteeing these mining exploitative companies a whooping $6billion in profits ANNUALLY. So at a conservative taxation rate of say 35%, ZRA is supposed to be collecting not less than $2.1billion ANNUALLY into our fiscus! Am talking about money that can build us 2,842km (i.e. a dual carriage way from Livingstone to Nakonde) of highway road every year (South African quality & standard), or 15 hospitals the size of Ndola Central hospital EVERY YEAR! or 4 universities of the size of UNZA every year!!! WHO IS ALLOWING THIS THEFT TO HAPPEN??

    Wanu Ngwee - February 11, 2013
    19:17

    • The useless Pathetic Fools we now have, who are supposed to be governing the country by working a three day week on full pay!

      Miodon - February 11, 2013
      22:06

    • If what you say is true, this is more than enough for Chirwa’s experiments bane!

      cynic - February 12, 2013
      05:38

  10. This is exactly why islam is against these western schemes! Guys please wake up and see how the zionist schemes are designed to make the very few individuals richer at the expense of poor africans. Why do you think that the system was created in such a way to make to dollar the pre dominant currency? It was done to enable them control the world! The governments of America, british, israel amongst other are the biggest culprits and the moment you fight them, you are demonised! However Mugabe may be, love him for his stance against the west. We were physically colonised and turned into slave and are still under modern day slavery!! I say reduce tax for Zambians and increase tax for these burgers

    obama - February 11, 2013
    18:00

  11. Pipo pliz watch this film on YouTube regarding
    Tax avoidance and pipo exploitation by mopani
    Copper mines. You’ ll feel like punching somebody
    In the face. Soooooo sad!!! Indeed cry the beloved country
    Zambia. God watch over us!!
    http://m.youtube.com. Zambia Good copper Bad copper

    Kabalwe - February 11, 2013
    17:24

    • Thanks for this sharing. Zambia is being swindled of huge sums of moneys!

      Mubanga - February 11, 2013
      19:39

  12. Very sad state of affairs indeed. Its so painful to watch millions of Zambians suffering when the ‘foreigner’ is enjoying. Its not that we don’t love them, its what they do that we don’t like. Take for example, Zambian Bottlers, the engage a South African company as a merchandiser, this company employs hundreds of Zambian youths to work as merchandisers and they place them around in the communities where they have containers of soft drinks. When it is time to sign the employment contracts (and they only give them 3 months, 6 months contracts – clearly against the Labour Laws of Zambia)and yet they have been using these same people over a period of 4 years. The recently gave them new contracts (period not specified and the salary – actually the page which is supposed to have these details was removed) and only to be inserted after they all signed? Is this normal? I wonder whether Sub Miller the parent company knows what goes on as it enjoys huge profits from its drinks sells.

    One Zambia One Nation - February 11, 2013
    16:36

  13. I want to know what action is being taken about Zambia sugar and the mines. We get the reports but what is being done? Or are we going to complain about it and forget tomorrow? Zambians have the potential to be so rich but we just watch while others benefit from our sweat.

    mamamama - February 11, 2013
    16:31

  14. Only if we can accept to start from square one then things can change. People from Z(CB) can not sacrifise their peanut salaries for alternative employment. Only sacrifice can change things. “Mugabe behaviour.” If all african leaders can behave like him we can easily develop. Mind you our forefathers sold our brothers/sisters as slaves. You take these guys to court you will be shocked to find that politicians and a few rich guys are involved. As long as we don’t speak our mind against them. We the poor, we will continue suffering. So many countries survive without mines. Lets stop this nosense as early as pocible. Whether global crunch or what let us stand on our own. The more we borrow the more they will control us. Frusted man.

    djms - February 11, 2013
    14:21

  15. Iwe chi Ukwa, work up,foolish man! You are depriving us Zambians of our rights.U will see when UPND comes to power with my husband as vice president! I.D.I.O.T!

    Katendi Nkombo - February 11, 2013
    14:02

    • That’ll never happen at that rate.

      GK - February 11, 2013
      15:34

  16. It is not only the mining companies or Zambia Sugar who are evading paying taxes to the Govmt.

    Even companies especially pharmaceutical companies do that by not showing a full a salary of an employee and only show a small amount and the rest is paid on cash not avoid pay as you earn. So many companies are doing this the expense of developing our country.

    Govnt do your home and you will see what I mean.

    Anne Cheelo - February 11, 2013
    13:58

  17. It is smazing how a company like Zambia Sugar keeps afloat. Consider the following:
    HR steals by creating fake cases for the company and payments to lawyers are shared, Engineers connive with contractors to inflate prices and proceeds are shared, Finance they take what they want and afterwards cook the books, marketing simply get the sugar at export prices which are low and resell in Zed at fabulous mark-ups and the owners ABF are evading taxes! Expatriates recomend companies from SA and when they go on ‘holiday’ collect VAT.

    cybernet - February 11, 2013
    13:36

  18. Zambia,Africa’s largest copper producer lost an estimated income of USD 175million in tax revenue between 2003 and 2008 from tax avoidance practices’ by Glencore AG International owned Mopani Copper Mines.

    United Kingdom based Non Governmental Organisation, Action Aid said in its pilot audit by Grant Thornton, Zambia and Econ Poyry, a Nordic basedglobal consulting and engineering company which revealed glaringirregularities in production and revenue figures that Mopani CopperMines submit to Zambia Revenue Authority for tax administration, mostwhich hinge on its links to Glencore AG international.”

    “Zambia continues to lose ondividends from Mopani Copper Mines as the Glencore owned mine neverdeclare any dividends to Zambia Consolidated Copper Mines InvestmentHoldings. During the period under review, Action Aid estimates that the Zambians government lost an estimated USD 50 million per year in undeclared dividends to ZCCM IH by Mopani.Mopani Copper Mines, according to Action Aid was avoiding declaring anydividends by ZCCM IH through transfer pricing and over statement of thecosts.

    Rosco - February 11, 2013
    13:12

  19. An what is the PG Government doing about it?

    Mwana Mfumu - February 11, 2013
    13:08

  20. the worst looter is Mopani ! $500 million lost between 2003 and 2008
    chiluba’s era was a scam, banda’s regime was a electoral scam,

    now where is the change ???
    Sampa and Chikwanda, what are you doing ???

    Rosco - February 11, 2013
    13:08

    • Chiluba was president in 1991-2001. Yr period mentioned how does he come in.

      Habulembe John - February 11, 2013
      16:35

      • It is well-known that chiluba was rotten to the core.

        He is accountable because he had sold ZCCM assets eg Mopani for a song during the privatisation
        corrupton… bribes…

        Rosco - February 12, 2013
        02:20

  21. the worst looter is Mopani ! $500 million lost between 2003 and 2008 chibula’s era was a scam, banda’s regime was a electoral scam,

    now where is the change ??? Sampa and Chikwanda, what are you doing ???

    ——

    Zambia,Africa’s largest copper producer lost an estimated income of USD 175million in tax revenue between 2003 and 2008 from tax avoidance practices’ by Glencore AG International owned Mopani Copper Mines.

    United Kingdom based Non Governmental Organisation, Action Aid said in its pilot audit by Grant Thornton, Zambia and Econ Poyry, a Nordic basedglobal consulting and engineering company which revealed glaringirregularities in production and revenue figures that Mopani CopperMines submit to Zambia Revenue Authority for tax administration, mostwhich hinge on its links to Glencore AG international.”

    “Zambia continues to lose ondividends from Mopani Copper Mines as the Glencore owned mine neverdeclare any dividends to Zambia Consolidated Copper Mines InvestmentHoldings. During the period under review, Action Aid estimates that the Zambians government lost an estimated USD 50 million per year in undeclared dividends to ZCCM IH by Mopani.Mopani Copper Mines, according to Action Aid was avoiding declaring anydividends by ZCCM IH through transfer pricing and over statement of thecosts.

    Rosco - February 11, 2013
    13:06

    • A bunch of unlearned baboons. Forsaken idiots

      most daring - February 11, 2013
      15:11

  22. register London judgment when most of Zambian money lies in British banks…hipocrisy…

    sanity - February 11, 2013
    13:04

  23. alliance one and all tobacco companies in eastern province use transfer pricing to avoid paying import taxes for the Malawian tobacco smuggled into Zambia and this tobacco is paid for on USdollars to Malawians.it is then reexported for processing to Malawi.they then bill Zambia processing fees which cancel the ‘export revenue ‘

    sanity - February 11, 2013
    13:02

  24. WHEN COLONIALISTS GAVE INDEPENDENCE TO AFRICA, THEY BROUGHT UP NEW SCHEMES TO EXPLOIT ITS RESOURCES WITHOUT GETTING INVOLVED IN POLITICS. ITS CALLED NEO-COLONIALISM. THESE BRITONS ARE NOT ALONE. EVEN THE CHINESE, INDIANS, SENEGALESE IN KAGEM ETC HAVE JOINED IN. IMAGINE IF ALL PAID THEIR TAXES & ALSO BANKED THEIR MONIES IN ZAMBIAN BANKS!!

    Man -Abel - February 11, 2013
    12:39

  25. Corporate reporting packs for multinationals include transfer pricing and related party dealings. This basically is to ensure that their Revenue Authorities keep a tag on these tax cheatings. ZICA should compel companies in Zambia as well to include transfer pricing and related party dealing disclosure in a more detailed manner so ZRA can spot these from Financial Statements.
    Another suggetion is that the Auditor-General should be compelled by law to Audit these high risk revenue evader. This will ensure that their Multinational audit firms that check their books do not declare wrong opinions.

    Harry Mafuyeya - February 11, 2013
    12:37

  26. Strange! Where is my post?

    Harry Mafuyeya - February 11, 2013
    12:28

    • Where is the post the paper that dis bulshit

      most daring - February 11, 2013
      15:13

  27. Its indeed sadening to learn that multi national firms are operating in unlawfully in our country.If i can recall well in 1991 the MMD under the late FTJ introduced the privatisation of our parastatal firms by the guidance of IMF and world bank they preached about the benefits of the it and ignorantly the implemented the policy which resulted in tranfering of companies ownership to foreign firms.the consiqueceses were job loses in most sectors of our society.Today we still suffer to same problems.The same brettonwood instutitions did not empower gvt to prevent such activities,now look the way we are robbed in daylight theft.Action Aid please be vigilated and expose all illegal dealing expecially those who are facilitating and aiding such activities.im pretty sure that they are some of gvt officials who are abetting such illegal activities.therefore the ACC DEC and ZRA should procecute those found wanting regardless their economical status

    rodrick - February 11, 2013
    12:25

  28. Issues of tax avoidance are really dicy. Our tax laws and their administration leave much to be desired. For UK & US subsidiary companies in other countries when reporting they make sure their pack includes desclosure on transfer pricing and related party activities. This ensures the Revenue Authority keeps a tag on dealings not at arms length. ZICA should compel companies in Zambia to produce as much information as possible on transfer pricing and related party dealings.
    Another suggestion is the Auditor-General should compel these high risk government revenue companies to submit their Financial records before it despite audited by their realted multinational auditors. This will ensure strict compliance as regards proper tax revenue to government treasury.

    Harry Mafuyeya - February 11, 2013
    12:24

  29. Its plain simple: let us ask PF to come up policy statement on this corporate tax evasion issue ASAP and the way forward. Can some MPs take this to ask the VEEP in parliament? Infact i’m being evasive; Can President Michael Sata justify why i voted for him because among other reasons, he made me believe that he will do something drastic about such things – as man of action!! I need answers from my head of state whom i voted for; not his “”voicemail”" please!! Even opposition parties, they should start taking a clear, black & white stance (documented) on these issues so that we hold them to account. it is not enough to just make pronouncements at rallies..!! Bakateka, do something, coz my blood is boiling. Otherwise we may just join Jerabos to get our 0.1 percent share….

    John Chinena - February 11, 2013
    12:02

  30. Surely the government should put the mechanism to monitor the mines on sales and expenses to arrive at profit

    chantete - February 11, 2013
    11:59

  31. Please sign the petition by Action Aid. We tend to spend time talking, lets start making these multi-national criminals pay. How many children go hungry in Zambia, die because they can not be treated of petty illness, can not be educated and these guys are stealing millions of dollars. Z-watch dog, please publish the link.

    Zambian Soul - February 11, 2013
    11:58

    • Where is the petition? What are the threshold numbers for action? What are the deliverables once you get the right numbers?

      John Chinena - February 11, 2013
      12:10

  32. Good news expose them we need that information……

    kwesu - February 11, 2013
    11:46

  33. Just sue the Zambia Sugar in the UK, Glencore and the Chinese NFM etc in Zambia….oh, shit, who would slate our case – Nchito? Oh nooooo, damn! May be thousands of signatures and then whole-page adverts in WSJ, FT London and in big dailies in France, Canada, Switzerland…Okay sue their top management within Zambia and sentence them ! Absolutely disgusting, MCS knew all along that the people knew this and they voted him in now he’s backing down !

    charlie diaspora - February 11, 2013
    11:35

  34. What was the reaction when GRZ took over Zambia Railways? Privatization does not always work and this the time GRZ should show some leadership. These investors will leave you with huge holes in the ground after they steal all the resources. Of what benefit is privatization when they are not paying taxes.

    The Kimbanguist - February 11, 2013
    11:30

  35. ZICA should inspect the books of these companies. One of the reasons why these companies are declaring losses is because they are hiring too many foreigners who they pay huge salaries. On their books these expats are employed by the head quarters of these companies abroad.Then when it comes to paying salaries,the company sends money to their head quarters which then pays the expats in Forex. Mean while locally they are paid low wages for tax purposes.

    This is one of the many ways in which foreign companies avoid Tax. It is LEGAL but HIGHLY IMMORAL.

    The irony is, all the huge profits stolen by these companies are then given back to our country as AID through taxes paid to UK,USA and other governments in which the companies are registered for Tax purpose.

    AID = 10%Grants + 90% Loans

    Grants are free money while loans are paid back for long periods of time. If repayment period is 10 years,the country is enticed to pay only the interest for 10. If the country pays the interest faithfully,the the debt is then rescheduled for another 10 years.

    Now calculate how much money the country ends up paying after 20 years?

    Wanzelu - February 11, 2013
    11:23

    • i like this stuff 4 a change.foreign tax evaders r the real enemies of our country as for local ones,u cant make profit if u dont do dr manda s gymnastics on invoices n receipts.try it.

      tweka - February 11, 2013
      11:38

    • It is heart wrecking to see the state of affairs in this country and why we get ripped off as you have so eloquently put it. The mines are not the only companies that practice this immoral tax evasion scheme. Almost all multi-national corporations employ so called “consultants” in Zambia. The gist is that these companies are registered under different names from their parent companies and maintain only a small number of employees on their local HR records while the rest of the productive staff are “consultants” who will not get a contact but receive salaries from abroad. These companies sign contracts with other multi-national corporations abroad and all services rendered by the consultants in Zambia are invoiced and paid by international bank transfers in foreign countries. You see, services are rendered in Zambia, payments are made in other countries and Zambia never sees the taxes. The consultants do not pay taxes, the companies make huge profits but the scope of their actual works are never known locally. ZRA has no way of monitoring such gross misconduct amongst these companies.

      Zambian Soul - February 11, 2013
      11:48

  36. Introduce export licences and all mining companies must pay mineral loyalty tax based on those export licences,and why tax refunds? It must be only only on VAT for local capital purchases.

    Puungwa - February 11, 2013
    11:19

  37. Why “source in the Ministry of Finance” its quiet about TAX EVASION (non avoidance) in which his Minister has activly participated as clearly stated in the Final Report of the Commission of Enquiry in to the operations of ZRA? Not “sexy” enaugh?

    Sachi - February 11, 2013
    11:01

  38. Scandalous indeed! And what about Quantum Mining? They are on record as to say they pay about K8 billion per day in tax. Is tax or salaries they pay? Gen Kingsley Chinkuli should explain properly to the nation

    Movement for Multi-Doctors - February 11, 2013
    11:01

  39. Let all those who have been evading taxation lose their investments for abrogating their obligations.

    Summariser - February 11, 2013
    11:00

  40. John Chinena,
    I feel you man coz you are spot on!

    dexter - February 11, 2013
    11:00

  41. These capitalists(Economical Hitmen,illuminats) can only be stopped if their is political will.They will always thrive if Officials keep getting kick backs to fund elections e.t.c.How can a company continue making losses year in year out and yet its still operational,defies logic.

    mosaad - February 11, 2013
    11:00

    • Ask them my brother!

      most daring - February 11, 2013
      16:22

  42. pliz how can i be a jerabo?nid to fix these guys.the solution is simple,u weak minded individuals.let the tonnages they export n the total tax paid per yer be publicised in national media.

    tweka - February 11, 2013
    10:59

  43. Z Watchdog, you are really doing a good job on this one!Keep it up!

    dexter - February 11, 2013
    10:58

  44. And some educated chaps sitting in front of computers (whilst hungry) think Julius Malema is confused when he talks about nationalisation. Even if is done for 24 months only, it is okay. We will make more money than all the credits we have. we ran these mines from 1972 to 2002 (30 years) and we are afraid to run them for a year or even open one on our own. We have been indoctrinated to think only foreigners can ran them; my foot. Why go for elections if campaign promises yield nothing. Come on PF, come to the party: the coffee is smelling good…..!! Please ZWD maintain these scandalous articles so that we whip up emotions and get angery on why we are poor amidst plenty!!They dont want us to get the tax due to us, they dont want tio be shareholders (50%) as in Botwswana/Angola; Now what do they want? They will bring some world Bank and IMF burgers to scare us with funny statistics,. meanwhile the real dollars are going!!!

    John Chinena - February 11, 2013
    10:43

  45. The government should revoke there operating licences. They should be no negotiating.

    Nuetral - February 11, 2013
    10:35

    • I agree with you

      Kalaba - February 11, 2013
      10:39

  46. Declaring loses year in year out and the thought of closing up is NOT ONE OF THEM on thier MIND. “ZAMBIA THE REAL AFRICA”

    NgomaZakwathu - February 11, 2013
    10:31

    • The law allows them to carry over any of there losses for a period of 10 years

      Ka Kolwe - February 11, 2013
      11:40

      • The problem is how these losses are arrived at and there in lies the immorality and crookedness.

        Chief - February 11, 2013
        13:05

  47. Vivia gerabos. at least u share in the proceeds from these mines.

    Mpangula Mputyu - February 11, 2013
    10:27

  48. and u wonder why Zambia is POOR. Viva gerabo’s at least u benefit from the copper which is being mines and books cooked to declare losses for these foreign mines so that they evade tax.

    Mpangula Mputyu - February 11, 2013
    10:27

    • Agree 100% at least GERABOs spend their money in local economic activities.

      NgomaZakwathu - February 11, 2013
      10:34

      • But they take away from the rightful owners who would have done the same.

        Vilifier - February 11, 2013
        13:16

  49. Cry my beloved country

    UNDERTAKER - February 11, 2013
    10:21

  50. We got independent too early. Or we should have held
    the white man to manage the resources and make them citezens coz
    the black man has a problem. This tim stil allowing foreigners to do simple administration jobs sure!!!

    hundred hameja - February 11, 2013
    10:15

    • but its the same stupid whites who are steeling.

      mwape - February 11, 2013
      10:48

      • true

        yaba - February 11, 2013
        10:55

      • Tone down my friend, WHERE IS GRZ. How can you honestly allow someone to be sleeping with your wife right in front of your nose in YOUR own bedroom?????????????

        Cumbu Munshololwa SC - February 11, 2013
        11:01

    • educate ur pipo n teach them the value of honesty then work on the constitution n make govt organs strong so that they start sending these tax evaders n their zra collaborators to jail.unfortunately,we envy n glorify criminals

      tweka - February 11, 2013
      11:04

      • The way useless opposition leaders people are glorifying Rhupia

        Ka Kolwe - February 11, 2013
        11:36

    • Gentlemen lets face it the problem with us blacks is genetic so we cant do anything good alone. Just look at general black africa…its the same. We need white men to be citizens and then we should use them. A research can even be caried out to find out the difference with them.

      hundred hameja - February 11, 2013
      11:18

      • more needs to be done in this country to combat this scourge.

        Amuchi - February 11, 2013
        11:28